Terrace of the Elephants
Terrace of the Elephants in Siem Reap
The Terrace of the Elephants is a 2.5-meter tall terrace that stretches over 300 meters through the core of Angkor Thom. Three main platforms and two secondary platforms compose the terrace. On the terrace’s north end is the Terrace of the Leper King. On the terrace’s south end is the Baphuon.
Khmer King Jayavarman VII ordered the construction of the terrace sometime in the late 12th or early 13th century. The Terrace of the Elephants is considered to be the magnum opus of King Jayavarman VII’s kingship, and perhaps the grandest royal terrace in Cambodia.
In the 13th century, the Chinese emperor sent a diplomat named Zhou Daguan to Cambodia. According to Zhou’s records, the Terrace of the Elephants was once covered in wooden pavilions and golden-framed mirrors. The mirrors were used to reflect the events – religious ceremonies and parades – that used to take place in the courtyard below the terrace.
The northern section of the terrace contains some particularly gorgeous carvings. Among the most notable is the five-headed horse bas-relief and the depictions of Khmer warriors and dancers. The northern section faces the east, so you should view these carvings before noon, when the lighting is ideal. In the afternoons, the northern carvings are heavily shadowed, making it difficult to capture good photographs.
On the terraces south end, the elephant depictions are absolutely breathtaking. Many of the elephant carvings are almost full-size. Walking next to these gargantuan elephant carvings, your mind will wander into ancient Cambodia. Your senses will perceive the presence of living elephants, with lotus flowers in their trunks, and Khmer warriors at their reins.
From atop the terrace you will view an enormous courtyard. The Khmer people used to host a variety of religious ceremonies, parades, and possibly sporting events in this massive courtyard. It is awe-inspiring to stand on this ancient terrace and imagine elephants and warriors and musicians filling the open space below.
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